The Friesenwall is considered one of the oldest Garden design elements from northern Germany and is gaining more and more popularity in other parts of Germany. This decorative border for the garden is made of large stones and creates a visual eye-catcher in the outdoor area. Planted Friesenwälle can fulfill the function of a screen or subdivide the garden in different areas. If you would like to build a frieze wall for your green area, then you should consider the design, costs and desired design. In today’s article you will find more about the Friesenwälle and their function in the outdoor area and get helpful tips for the construction and planting of a Friesenwall.
What is a Friesenwall?
The Friesenwall is a kind of drywall, which is piled up from round stones in different sizes and colors. The wall is usually about 80 centimeters high and consists solely of stones and earth. As the construction of the Friesenwalls primarily uses natural stones and boulders with different sizes and structures, the masonry looks natural, giving the outdoor area a natural flair. The Friesenwall offers a nice alternative to conventional fences made of wood and metal, which limit the own property to the street side.
Originally Friesenwälle originated in the marshlands of Friesland, because there was hardly any wood and no quarries for the production of fences. In the fields, however, were found plenty of boulders, which were used for the construction of land boundaries. Although today there is a large selection of materials for the fence, the Friesenwall has not lost in importance. Rather, this decorative enclosure has been prepared, and is increasingly seen outside of Friesland. The wall can serve as a fence, wall or even hedge and creates a nice accent in the garden or in the front yard design.
Friesenwälle can be covered on both sides, as well as on one side with stones. The two-sided version is considered a bit more stable and has a freestanding construction that is suitable for any area in the garden. However, if you want to build a one-sided frieze wall, then the wall will only be provided with dry masonry from the outside. Rather, it fulfills the function of a wall with support function and is therefore perfect for the front garden. With a one-sided frieze wall no wall is visible from the inside, but only a simple embankment, which is an advantage for the inhabitants.
Building Friesenwall – materials and costs
Stones give the garden a feeling of power and strength, so more and more gardeners are choosing Friesenwälle to limit their property. If you also want to build a Friesenwall, you should first collect the necessary materials and calculate the resulting costs.
With regard to the required materials, this wall does not have a long material list. All you need is natural stone and loose earth, which is used to stabilize the stones. You can get stones both in the building materials trade and in the specialist trade for natural stones. Depending on your own preferences, you can use different stone types to make the wall entirely to your own taste. The different stones are usually colored differently and the selection can be adapted to the garden design.
Roughly speaking, you need about half a ton of stones per square meter for the Friesenwall. Depending on which stones you have chosen for the wall construction, the prices per ton can vary greatly. As a rule, you can find natural stones from 50 to 120 euros per tonne, although size sometimes plays a role as well. If you want to build a classic Friesenwall, then you need both large stones for the lower layer, and smaller for the upper layers of the wall.
Tip: Instead of buying the stones, you can collect natural stones from the next quarry, or use field stones or boulders. However, think about transporting the stones, which will probably require a small crane.
How can you build a Friesenwall?
Friesenwall is easy to build in technology, but requires some skill and experience. Especially if you want to have the wall for a longer period, we recommend that you leave the task to the experts, instead of building yourself. The Friesenwall build should be well learned, so that the stones do not slip together in a few years. If the wall is constructed professionally, it remains stable for more than 30 years.
If you want to build a stable Friesenwall, then this should ideally have a slope of 10 to 15 percent. However, a foundation is not required when building a Friesenwalls. Instead, a compacted sand bed about 20 centimeters thick and 80-100 centimeters wide is needed. If you’re building a double sided frieze wall, you should make it a double wall with gap. In the one-sided variant, an embankment is provided with dry masonry.
If you build a drywall, no mortar is needed. The stones are simply stacked in the ground and the space between the individual stone layers is also filled with soil and compacted by pounding. The joints can also be filled with turf strips, which makes the wall look much more natural. Planted joints also look especially decorative and beautify the whole wall. The finished Friesenwall is then planted as desired with plants or woody plants.
Below we have summarized the main steps to build Friesenwall. In this case it is a double wall with space.
1st step: Dig sand bed 80-100 cm wide and 20 cm deep and collect the soil to the side.
2 step: Place the largest stones as a lower row close to the ground, tap them with a pounding hammer and compact with soil.
3 step: Fill the space with soil and pile up more rows of stones.
4 step: Condens the earth between the stones with a hammer handle and plant the room as desired with plants or turf.
5 step: Fill the gap in the Friesenwall with soil and plant.
Build and plant Friesenwall
Whether you want to use the Friesenwall as a retaining wall, fence or property boundary, this looks much nicer with a suitable planting. Without plants, the stone wall has a cold effect and unfinished look. Therefore, we would like to present some ideas for suitable plants and shrubs that feel comfortable on the Friesenwall and beautify your garden in an elegant way.
If you build a frieze wall, you should wait a few days before planting and leave the wall in this time alone. After a few days, you can fill in the places where earth has set and only then is the wall ready for planting. On the traditional Friesenwällen usually a sod is laid, which holds the upper stones together and draws a beautiful line at the wall crown. The green grass combines wonderfully with the stones and creates a successful play of colors.
And which plants are actually suitable for the Friesenwall? The answer to this question depends on various aspects. The selection of plants should first be adapted to the weather conditions in your area. In areas where dryness and heat prevail, you should choose drought-tolerant plants. These are, for example, all upholstery and bedding plants that tolerate drought. Bluebell, grass, lavender and cranesbill are therefore an appropriate choice.
For Friesenwälle is best suited a loose planting, which requires no regular cut. Examples of suitable woody plants are the vinegar tree, the crippled pine and the willow bush. Between the perennials ornamental grasses look very decorative and create great accents in the garden.
Roses are also suitable for the Friesenwall, but only in areas where enough rain falls. The best varieties of roses for this purpose are the wild roses and shrub roses. Another popular planting for the drywall are ground coverplants, which also need a sufficient amount of water. With the right flowers and plants Friesenwälle inviting and look much nicer. Flowering perennials in combination with evergreen plants harmonize perfectly with the stones and create a real gem in the garden.
Friesenwall build as a screen and wind protection for the garden
If you build a Friesenwall, you can use the appropriate plants to transform it into a functional privacy screen and protect your own property from prying eyes. For this purpose, the Friesenwall can be planted with evergreen plants such as boxwood, tree of life and cherry laurel. These combine beautifully with other plants such as stonecrop and stonecrop and ensure a varied greening in the outdoor area. With a planted frieze wall you can combine the function of the property enclosure with that of a wind and privacy screen. So the view is blocked from the outside and from inside only the beautiful plants and hedges are visible.
Extensively planted Friesenwälle serve not only as a privacy, but are also perfect as a windbreak. Especially if your property is very drafty, you benefit from a good wind protection. For this you should plant the Friesenwall with suitable trees, such as the wind comb. In this way, you can transform the drafty garden into a beautiful terrace and spend nice time outdoors with friends and family.
Friesenwälle are a wonderful choice for the garden and create visual highlights in the outdoor area. Each Friesenwall is unique because the stones used always vary in size, shape and color. With such a wall you give your garden a Nordic charm and create a beautiful landscape.